Sarein, city of magical springs
By Zahra Mirzafarjouyan*
Sarein, a city in Ardabil Province of Iran is one of the most beautiful cities with a pristine nature and pure climate that lies at the foot of Sabalan Mountains. It is a natural spa region with numerous hot mineral springs well-known for their therapeutic value.
Spectacular Ardabil Province located in northwestern Iran bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan, is one of Iran’s most scenic provinces. Beautiful nature, green plains, and hot mineral springs create pleasant memories. Besides, visiting its historical monuments as well as its villages bring energy and enjoyment along.
The province is divided into 10 counties: Ardabil, Bilasavar, Germi, Khalkhal, Kowsar, Meshginshahr, Namin, Sarein, Nir, and Parsabad.
Sarein, or Sareyn, is a small city, 28 kilometers west of Ardabil with an area of more than 1.28 square kilometers. The city is famous for its numerous spa springs, marked as one of the tourist areas of Ardabil Province.
Sarein attracts more than five million tourists annually from different parts of Iran and the world because of its climate and hot springs. There are nine hot springs in the region which are very different in terms of composition and properties.
The word Sarein in the Persian dictionary means ‘a cool place’ and ‘headwater’.
To study the culture of Sarein, we have to study the culture of Azerbaijani people, especially Ardabil. These people have created one of the richest treasures of oral literature in the Middle East. The foundation of Azerbaijani literature is based on folklore.
The main language of Sarein is Azeri, however, Persian is the official national language.
‘Ashe Doogh’, also known as ‘yogurt soup’, is one of the traditional soups in Sarein. It is a soup usually made from yogurt or doogh, as well as chickpeas and vegetables.
‘Doogh’ or ‘ayran’, a classic Iranian drink, is a combination of water, yogurt, mint and salt.
Local ‘kebabs’ in this area are also very popular and delicious for tourists.
Made locally by bee keepers of the region, honey is one of the most famous products in Sarein. It is produced from hyacinth, basil and vetches slopes of Sabalan Mountains, being renowned for its quality.
Sarein tourist attractions
Sarein is famous for its numerous hot springs, attracting many tourists every year in the summer.
‘Gavmesh Goli’ hot springs; one of the most popular hot springs in Sarein, is very useful for the treatment of general ailments and heart diseases, as well as strengthening of the body.
Qarah Soo (A’saab), Sari Soo, Gavmesh Goli, Besh Bajilar, Qahveh Suei and Pehenlu Thermal Spring are some of Sarein hot springs to name a few.
Another attraction of Sarein is ‘Goorgoor Waterfall’, located 10 to 15 kilometers from Sarein. It is 12 meters high, located in the northern slopes of Sabalan Mountain. It attracts many nature lovers to the province.
‘Kanzag’ is a historic village in the central district of Sarein. It has historic caves from the Parthian period which have been registered in Iran’s National Heritage List.
‘Alvares’ is a ski resort, 24 kilometers from the city of Sarein. Many tourists travel to this area to ski and enjoy winter sports every year.
‘Anahita Hill’ in Sarein was once called Water Goddess. It has been discovered on the basis of excavated earthenware and historical documentation.
‘Gulestan Valley’ is one of the widest and most beautiful valleys in Ardabil Province. It is Sabalan’s east valley and habitat of partridges, goats and mouflons.
‘Vargehsaran Waterfall’ is one of the most spectacular spots of Sabalan’s green slopes.
Best season to visit
The best season to visit Sarein is late spring and summer. It is not a favorite destination in autumn and winter since it gets very cold. The minimum temperature in the city is -8°C and the maximum 25°C.
*Zahra Mirzafarjouyan is an
The above article is taken from Mehr News Agency.