Migraines sufferers could be at risk of another condition
Migraines can be debilitating and can have a negative impact on a person’s day-to-day life. According to a new survey, suffering from migraines leaves one in four people suffering with another condition — depression.
Migraines may have a direct impact on a person’s mental health. The condition, often described as a moderate or severe headache, causes throbbing pain on one side of the head. They can leave a person feeling sick and cause increased sensitivity to light. According to a new survey, suffering from migraines could be a lot more serious than once thought with one in four suffering from symptoms of depression, express.co.uk reported.
A new survey has highlighted just how serious and difficult the condition can be with one in four people experiencing suicidal feelings. It’s been reported that 84 percent of migraine sufferers say that their migraines affect their mental health. A new survey, carried out on 1,734 migraine sufferers found some alarming findings.
The survey was carried out to help highlight and understand the issues of migraine sufferers and their mental health. The research was anonymous and was conducted by the UK National Migraine Center over a two-month period.
The survey found:
● More than 24 percent of migraine sufferers have experienced suicidal feelings or have self-harmed linked to their migraine condition.
● 22 percent of those that have experienced suicidal feelings or have self-harmed to do more than once a week due to their migraine condition.
● 65 percent of respondents answered that they have experienced depression linked to their migraines.
● One in eight people who do experience depression due to their migraine feel this way every day.
● 48 percent have experienced loneliness linked to their migraines.
● One in eight people who do experience loneliness and isolation feel this way every day because of their migraine.
Doctor Katy Munro of the UK National Migraine Center said: “The impact of migraine especially chronic migraine, leads to patients struggling through the days and this frequently causes them problems of depression and also anxiety.
“As our survey also highlights loneliness and isolation features strongly and some sufferers even feel suicidal. We recognize the impact on their families and friends too, as they try to support migraine sufferers through disabling and debilitating attacks.
“We hope to raise awareness of this aspect of migraine throughout Migraine Awareness Week.”
The Work Foundation reports 23 percent of people suffer from migraines in the UK. Migraines can cause not only head pain, but nausea, vomiting, dizziness, visual disturbances, loss of speech, vertigo, confusion, and sensitivity to light, smells, movement, sounds and touch.
Why do fragrances cause health problems for one in three people?
One in three adults say that fragranced products cause them health problems, and one in 10 say the effects are so bad that they have missed work or lost jobs, suggests a survey of more than 4000 people. But it is unclear whether the symptoms are direct physiological responses, or whether they have a psychological component.
Fragrances are used to mask smells or add a pleasant aroma to a wide range of products, including many cosmetics, cleaning supplies, air fresheners, laundry detergents and soaps, newscientist.com wrote.
Previous surveys have found that people believe that they experience a range of health issues when exposed to such fragrances. An increasing number of people are describing themselves as having “chemical sensitivity”, in which low levels of chemicals in their everyday environment trigger a diverse range of symptoms. But little is known about what may be causing these problems.
To get a better understanding of how common fragrance sensitivity is and how it affects daily life, Anne Steinemann at the University of Melbourne, Australia, surveyed about 1100 people from each of the US, Australia, the UK and Sweden. These were randomly recruited from a research survey database of more than six million people.
One in three respondents said fragranced products affected their health. The highest rates were reported in the US, where nearly 35 percent said they had problems with fragrances. The lowest reported incidence was in the UK, where nearly 28 per cent of respondents said they were adversely affected.
One in five respondents said that their health had been affected by being near someone wearing a fragranced product, and one in six said they experienced health problems around air fresheners or in rooms cleaned with fragranced products.
The most common health complaint was respiratory problems, affecting one in six participants, followed by migraines and mucosal symptoms such as watery or red eyes. Nine percent of respondents said they had become sick from fragrances at work, missed workdays or even lost their job due to it.
People say they have to avoid using restrooms, using soap in public bathrooms and leave shops due to fragrances.
All in the mind?
Given that one in three people say that these products harm their health, fragrance sensitivity may qualify as an epidemic, said Steinemann.
The study backs up previous research showing these types of complaints are reasonably common, especially among people with asthma, rhinitis, autism and those who get migraines, said Connie Katelaris, an immunologist at Campbelltown Hospital, in Australia.
However, there are no standardized diagnostic tests used to determine whether these effects are physiological or psychological, she says.
Symptoms such as runny noses or eyes suggest that sensitivity to fragrances is a physiological reaction, says Katelaris.
But it is also possible that some people experience psychological reactions. Katelaris said that some people worry about the effects such chemicals have on the body and that this could trigger physical symptoms.
Physical and psychological responses can also combine in complex ways, said Katelaris. Having a physical reaction like a headache after smelling paint on one occasion might later cause someone to become anxious the next time they walk into a new building, because they anticipate new paint smells.
Steinemann suggests that fragrances should be removed from many products and shouldn’t be used in public spaces. She would also like to see products carry clear labels that flag the presence of a fragrances and the ingredients they contain.
But Guy Marks, of the University of New South Wales, Australia, said that more evidence on the physiological responses people have to fragrances would be needed to justify such actions.
Although seven percent of those surveyed said that fragrances triggered asthma attacks, many people with poorly treated asthma find their sensitivity to fragrances subsides once their asthma is better controlled, said Marks.
Depression genes linked to onset of diseases
A new research has shown that having depression can make you prone to a number of other unrelated diseases. Chances are, your depression genes can in fact be responsible for putting you at risk of acquiring coronary heart disease and bacterial infections.
The research examined the genetic makeup related to depression and its link with about 900 other diseases. The researchers believe that poor mental health isn’t necessarily caused by serious illnesses; sometimes, it can be the cause behind them, asianage.com wrote.
Genetic epidemiologist Anwar Mulugeta from the Australian Centre for Precision Health at the University of South Australia said, “Data shows that people living with serious mental diseases, like depression, have much higher rates of physical illness than those in the general population.”
While depression coupled with another major illness is common, researchers wondered if the root cause of depression could be more directly responsible. Studies in the past have indicated that depression is not just a mental
illness; rather, it has effects on the body as well.
The research team studied genomic data of 340,000 people taken from UK Biobank records to figure which comes first. Previous studies have already established the relation between depression and individual illnesses. This new one has
established a more causal relationship.
A person with high genetic risk score for major depressive disorder is more likely to get admitted to hospital with or even die due to one of 20 different diseases. These include conditions like esophagitis, asthma, gastroenteritis, urinary system disorders among several others.
“This research puts the ‘chicken and egg’ conundrum to rest, showing that depression causes disease, rather than only the other way around,” said Mulugeta.
“Importantly, this research signals that an individual diagnosed with depression should now also be screened for a defined set of possible comorbidities, enabling much better clinical management and significantly improved outcomes.”
However, there’s no concrete material on how genes for depression form the basis of developing other diseases. However, there are a number of gastrointestinal illnesses on the list, so chances are that medication for depression can have severe effects on our guts.
Strengthen muscles as well as heart to stay fit and healthy, say top doctors
Adults are advised to do muscle-strengthening exercises twice a week, as well as aerobic exercise, to help them stay active for longer, under new guidance from the UK’s top doctors.
For the first time, it includes advice on safe activity levels for pregnant women and new mums, BBC wrote.
Physical activity protects against obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and depression, the advice said.
The new guidelines on physical activity have been produced by the UK’s chief medical officers and updated to reflect the latest scientific evidence.
Their message is that any activity is better than none, and more is even better.
Professor Dame Sally Davies, England’s chief medical officer, said most children and adults in the UK are not active enough.
“We need more active travel, we need people to get off the bus or the tube a stop early.
“We need people to climb stairs instead of getting in a lift...
“We need to be more active.”
The guidelines recommend that adults build strength and balance to help stave off the natural decline in muscle mass and bone density that starts around the age of 50.
What is recommended in the guidelines?
● Infants — 30 mins of tummy time — when the baby is on its front — for infants not yet mobile every day
● Toddlers — 180 minutes per day doing active play
● Pre-schoolers —180 minutes per day of physical activity, including at least 60 mins of moderate to vigorous exercise
For 5-18 year olds
A least one hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day across the week, such as active travel, after-school activities and sport.
● Develop muscle fitness and bone strength
● Minimize time spent being sedentary
For 19-64 year olds
● Aim to be physically active every day
● Develop or maintain strength of muscles by doing heavy gardening, carrying heavy shopping or resistance exercise — two days a week
● At least 150 minutes of activity, such as brisk walking or cycling, or 75 minutes of vigorous activity like running each week
● Minimize time spent being sedentary — break up long periods of inactivity
● Some physical activity is better than none
● On two days a week, activity to improve muscle strength, balance and flexibility, including Tai Chi, dance, bowls and aqua-aerobics
● Each week, 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, building up gradually
● Break up prolonged periods of being sedentary with light activity when possible, at least with standing
For pregnant women
● Aim for 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week
● Vigorous activity is not recommended for women who were previously inactive
● Don’t bump the bump
● Do muscle strengthening activities twice a week
For after childbirth
● Aim to build up to 150 minutes of activity every week
● Build up to muscle strengthening twice a week
● Start daily pelvic floor exercises as soon as you can
For disabled adults
● Physical activity is not a risk and brings similar benefits to the rest of the adult population
Tim Hollingsworth, from Sport England, said it was great to see the strength and balance exercises on a similar footing to cardiovascular exercise.
“The beauty of it is there are many ways to build strength and balance, whether it’s at home, at the gym or through sport.
“Resistance training, circuit training, racquet sports and yoga are all great, for example, for improving muscle function, bone health and balance.”
Max Davie, from the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health, said families must try to build exercise into daily routines by walking or cycling to school, for example.
“We know that by doing so, it can have major mental and physical health benefits for their growing child both now and in the future,” he said.
At least five people have died in the US after vaping, officials have said, in an outbreak that has sickened hundreds with severe pulmonary disease and left several teens in induced comas, rte.ie wrote.